For me the most interesting part of Turkey, or at least the part we saw, was the people. The religion is Muslim with some Christian and a bit of every thing else, while the racial type is largely European, some Arab and a bit of every thing else.
So effectively they are much the same as we know in "western" culture but with a Muslim majority that has been relatively stable for a good while. They have some seperatist challenges, the Kurds in the south want to be free and the Turks don't want them to go. Rather like Ireland, Tibet, and Georgia. However, like most Muslim countries that we haven't successfully invaded recently, they seem tolerant of other religions and more moderate, or to put it another way, less extremist. I've always thought that extremists are those are people with their backs to the wall, fearful of the slightest challenge to their faith in case it's the first sign of forced change. Sadly, it seems to me, that the fear of the different can lead to a pre-emptive strike at an imaginary danger, and is often encouraged by a greed for profit and power. I would challenge the instigators of any war in history to prove otherwise, and would suggest that it's a bad church that supports them. I suppose it would be too much to ask nations not to react until after the first stone is thrown (by a government rather than an individual) leaving it to the police until then.
Turkey is not a rich country, but very hard working and optimistic, I wish the EEC would invite on the basis of democracy and honesty rather than political convenience. I'm told their 'human rights' record is poor, but I haven't noticed that stopping us trading with anybody.